logo_light

Karnak Temples

Posted On : 10/11/2023 Egypt Travel Blogger 50
single Image blog

Where is the Karnak Temples located?

 

 

The Temple is located on the east bank of the Nile in the city of Luxor, the ancient pharaonic capital known as Thebes, in the south of the country.

 

 

 

 

Who built Karnak Temples?

 

More than thirty pharaohs contributed to the construction of this sacred enclosure, which began in the 18th dynasty, although the site was already occupied by a minor temple for a long time before.

 

 

 

The Construction System of the Karnak Temples

 

 

The construction of the Karnak complex is quite complicated, since more than 30 pharaohs participated in its construction. It covers more than 100 hectares, an area larger than some ancient cities.

Construction at Karnak began 4,000 years ago and continued until the time the Romans took control of Egypt some 2,000 years ago. Each Egyptian ruler who worked at Karnak left his own architectural mark. His model shows an astonishing array of temples, chapels, gateway-shaped "towers," among many other buildings, which were gradually built, demolished, and modified over more than 2,000 years.

 

 

 

 

 

How Many Columns Does Karnak Temples Have?

 

The researchers note that there are 134 columns in total, the twelve largest being 70 feet (21 meters) tall and supporting the central part of the structure. The other 122 columns are about 40 feet (12 meters) high.

 

Karnak Temples have three sacred areas that honor three gods: Amun, Mut and Jonsu, which are the divinities that make up the Theban triad. As Thebes became the capital of the empire, it was natural that its places of worship gained great importance, which led to the construction of the imposing temples that thousands of years later can still be seen by visitors.

 

 

 

Karnak Temple 3.webp

 

 

 

 The temple was renovated and expanded with each new ruler, resulting in the enormous religious complex that can be visited today and that surprises travelers for its enormous dimensions, both for its extension and for the height of its pylons and columns.

 

The spaces that make up the temple are:

 

1- The enclosure of Amun-Ra. It is the largest in the temple and as its name indicates, it is dedicated to the god who heads the triad of Thebes.

2- The Montu enclosure. Located to the north of the one dedicated to Amun-Ra, it is much smaller than that of his "father". Montu (Jonsu) is the divine figure that completes the Theban triad, and symbolizes a warrior god.

3- The enclosure of Mut. A little older than that of Amun-Ra and located to the south of the previous one, it is dedicated to the second divine figure of the Theban triad: the goddess Mut, wife of Amun-Ra and mother of Montu (Jonsu), and who at Over time it was incorporating other female divinities, in a religious process that lasted for centuries.

4- The temple of Opet. Dedicated to the religious festival celebrated in the second month of the annual flooding of the Nile, and which included both the Luxor and Karnak temples.

5- The Karnak Temple is the second most visited archaeological site in Egypt, and over time it has sparked the imagination of its visitors and inspired curiosity about its builders and their enormous architectural skills.

6- For centuries, this place was the most influential Egyptian religious center. The main temple was dedicated to the cult of the god Amun, but as in other Egyptian temples other divinities were also venerated.

7- The Karnak temple complex is also includes:

 

 

 

The columns of the god Amun

 

 

 

The temple of Karnak, in Thebes, dedicated to Amun, was the main place of worship in Egypt since the New Kingdom. The photograph corresponds to the great hypostyle room.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In search of the favor of Amun

 

Successive pharaohs competed to erect buildings and obelisks at Karnak to honor Amun, the chief god of the Egyptian pantheon. In the image, general panorama of the enclosure.

 

 

The power of the priests

 

In the 11th century BC, power was divided between the pharaohs in the north and the priests of Amun in Thebes in the south. One of them, Pinedjem I, had this colossus erected in Karnak.

 

The boat of divinity

 

During the great festivals, the boat with the image of Amun was carried in procession by the priests. In the image, the boat in a relief from the Red Chapel of Queen Hatshepsut.

 

The Guardians of the Sanctuary

 

The processional routes that unite the sacred precincts in Karnak are flanked by ram-headed sphinxes that fulfilled the function of guardians and protectors.

 

 

The splendor of the ruins

 

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Karnak awed researchers despite its ruined state, as this lithograph made during Richard Lepsius's expedition shows.

 

Don't miss out on this chance to include Egypt in your travel plans and explore the fascinating history and culture of this ancient civilization at Karnak Temples through our Egypt travel packages.

 

In my opinion, I believe a good writer makes content easy to read, and entertains the reader, making comprehension effortless. Egypt is a country that truly has it all. Its rich history, stunning landscapes, and friendly people make it a must-visit destination for any traveler. I hope you'll have the opportunity to experience it for yourself.

By Egypt Travel Blogger

Check Availability

adults
childrens
Retated Tour
MS Mayfair Nile Cruise | Mayfair Nile Cruise
5 Days

MS Mayfair Nile Cruise

(789)

Sail the nile between Luxor and Aswan onboard MS Mayfair Nile cruise and don't miss out on the best travel experience in ...

$ 799 | Per Person

Steigenberger Minerva Nile Cruise | Steigenberger Nile Cruise
5 Days

Steigenberger Minerva Nile Cruise

(589)

Steigenberger Minerva Nile Cruise: Enjoy sailing the Nile River between Luxor and Aswan aboard the fascinating Steigenbe ...

$ 599 | Per Person

Nile Premium Cruise | Ms Nile Premium Cruise
5 Days

Ms Nile Premium Cruise ship

(589)

Nile Premium Cruise: Sail the Nile between Luxor and Aswan aboard the Ms Nile Premium Cruise. Live the magic of the past ...

$ 599 | Per Person

Best Egypt Tours | Best Egypt Travel Packages
8 Days

Best Egypt Tours: 8-Days Cairo and Nile Cruise

(1289)

Experience the finest with our 8 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise package, among the top-tier Best Egypt Tours. Uncover ancien ...

$ 1299 | Per Person

Egypt Christmas Tour | Christmas 2023 Egypt Tour
8 Days

8 Days Egypt Christmas Tour (2023)

(1689)

Experience a magical Christmas journey through Egypt with our 8-day Egypt Christmas Tour. Explore Cairo's attractions, c ...

$ 1699 | Per Person