The Citadel Of Salah El Din

Posted On : 09/05/2024 Egypt Travel Blogger 50
single Image blog

Exploring the Mysteries of The Citadel Of Salah El Din


Nestled in the heart of Cairo, the Saladin Citadel is a testament to Egypt's rich history and architectural prowess. Join me on a captivating journey through this medieval fortress, unraveling its secrets and delving into its cultural significance.


The Saladin Citadel, also known as the Citadel of Salah El Din or the Cairo Citadel, is a formidable Islamic stronghold erected in 1176 under the command of Salah El Din to shield Cairo from Crusader invasions. The citadel is located on the top of the hill in the heart of Cairo and covers an area of around 30,000 square meters.


The History of the Citadel of Salah El Din


The history behind the citadel is fascinating and dates back to the 12th century. Salah El Din, also known as Saladin, was a Muslim military leader famous for his victory over the Crusaders. He built the citadel as a military fortress to protect the city of Cairo from potential attacks. Throughout history, the citadel has transformed with each era. Under the Ottoman Empire, it evolved into a majestic royal palace, while the 19th century saw it repurposed as a formidable prison. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Cairo.


Architecture and Design of the Citadel

The architecture of the citadel is a testament to the rich Islamic heritage of Egypt. The fortress is made of limestone and features a variety of architectural styles, including Mamluk, Ottoman, and Fatimid. 

The citadel walls are adorned with beautiful Islamic calligraphy and intricate geometric patterns. The citadel also features a collection of mosques, palaces, and museums, each a testament to unique design and historical significance. 

 Saladin Citadel

The Great Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha

The Great Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha is one of the most beautiful structures within the citadel. It was built in the 19th century under the patronage of the Ottoman ruler and exemplifies exquisite Ottoman architecture. Adorned with two majestic minarets and a grand dome, its interior boasts mesmerizing decorations and intricate designs. Visitors can enter the mosque and admire its beauty, but they must remove their shoes before entering.


Other notable structures within the Citadel Of Saladin


Beyond the iconic Great Mosque, the citadel of Salah El Din features a treasure trove of other notable structures worth exploring. One of the most impressive is the Al-Gawhara Palace, a stunning 19th-century masterpiece commissioned by the Ottoman ruler Muhammad Ali Pasha. Marvel at its exquisite wood carvings and vibrant stained glass windows as you wander through its opulent rooms. Don't miss the citadel's diverse museums, such as the Military Museum and Police Museum, showcasing ancient artifacts and historic weaponry that tell captivating stories of Egypt's past.


The Citadel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site


The Saladin Citadel was honored as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. This iconic fortress is a testament to Egypt's illustrious Islamic legacy and strategic prowess by the ancient walls and towers resonating with tales of courage and protection against invaders, offering a captivating glimpse into Egypt's rich heritage.


Exploring the Surrounding Area


The citadel is surrounded by several other popular tourist attractions. Among them is the Khan El Khalili Bazaar, a vibrant marketplace brimming with souvenirs, jewelry, and exotic spices. Visitors can also explore the nearby Al-Azhar Park, which offers stunning views of Cairo city and is a great place to relax after a long day of sightseeing.


Tips for Visiting the Saladin Citadel

If you plan to visit the Saladin Citadel, here are some tips to make your trip more enjoyable

  • Expect lots of walking; the citadel is expansive.
  • Dress comfortably and modestly for this religious site.
  • Go early to beat the crowds and heat.
  • Consider hiring a guide from Egypt For Travel to enrich your understanding of the citadel's history and importance.




In conclusion, the Saladin Citadel is a testament to Egypt's rich cultural heritage and its importance in protecting the city from potential invaders. It is a mark of the country's Islamic heritage and a reminder of its strategic importance throughout history. Make sure to visit the Saladin Citadel and explore the rich cultural heritage of Egypt.


In my opinion, I believe a good writer makes content easy to read, and entertains the reader, making comprehension effortless. Egypt is a country that truly has it all. Its rich history, stunning landscapes, and friendly people make it a must-visit destination for any traveler. I hope you'll have the opportunity to experience it for yourself.

By Egypt Travel Blogger

Check Availability

Retated Tour